Another, Captain Baxter was renamed simply Baxter in 1947, the last engine ever to work the line, and the Rev. A further point of interest at Betchworth was the variety of means for internal guided movement. At one time, four different railway gauges and, during the first decade of the 20th century, an extensive aerial ropeway existed. Ian Kyle, Steam from Lowca: A History of the Rise and Fall of Locomotive Building at Lowca Foundry, 1840–1921 (Moresby: Ian Kyle, 1974). Four of the eight were of standard gauge. Betchworth railway station serves the village of Betchworth in Surrey, England. [11] The western quarry was the first to close. Moreover, in winter months, particularly following prolonged heavy rain, the quarries would have been unworkable without railed transport. As a further example, the larger gasworks in Scotland relied on locomotives designed and supplied by Andrew Barclay, Sons & Co. Ltd. of Kilmarnock. Quoted in Mike Fell, “From Lowca to the Indian Ocean,” Industrial Railway Record 16, no. Power from the latter was transmitted to the driving axle through gear wheels. Baxter is preserved on the Bluebell Railway and was returned to traffic for that railway's 50th anniversary. Slaking with water creates hydrated lime (calcium hydroxide), also used in agriculture and in construction. It was probably the first move in Britain to preserve several industrial locomotives from one location. Baxter set off up the steep track, this time to be diverted onto a siding. Recently this machine has become the focus of intense industrial archaeological study, significantly, one that emphasizes the importance of contributions from enthusiasts in the quest for restoring and displaying machinery in near-original appearance or as at a particular time.[3]. Little did we realize that tremendous growth of interest would follow from the 1960s, particularly the serious study of industrial archaeology and the desire to save examples of a fast-disappearing industrial heritage. The upper quarry was 200 feet higher than the railway that brought the greystone to the batteries, and connection had once been made by means of inclines. This locomotive appears to have been at Betchworth mainly for boiler repairs, which suggests that the workshop was capable of handling all but the largest repair jobs. After this operation was introduced, there was no longer any need for the steep incline. Those of us engaged in preserving the locomotives at Betchworth were driven by enthusiasm as railroad fans interested in a few specific items that became available. 158, constructed to the design of the firm’s B-class. Without this connection, worked initially by horses, the whole enterprise would not have been viable. 10. [12] These and other products were sold through an office in London’s Old Kent Road. Collectables:Transportation Collectables:Railwayana:Photographs:British Rail (1948-1997) – Railway Slide . We were invited to join Smith in the cab. For example, in the 1960s, once gas and oil replaced coal as a major source of energy, conveyance was by pipeline rather than by railway; coal gasworks, some with locomotives of lilliputian proportions to permit movement in the restricted headroom of retort houses, were closed down. We were directed along the steep path that paralleled the rather overgrown rail connection, part of the switchback that connected with the exchange siding at Betchworth station. Limestone burning and slaking of the resulting lime are among the oldest chemical manufacturing processes. The quarry expanded when the Oxted Greystone Lime Company Limited was formed and connected the quarry to the London, Brighton and South Coast Railway via a private freight siding in the 1880s. Below is the Lower Chalk, containing greystone, converted into what was known as Dorking Lime. Getting ready for your next journey? We also explored remains of other old buildings and the wooded area that led down to the abandoned belowground hearthstone workings, located east of the eastern battery. Betchworth railway station. Free step-by-step journey directions and updated timetables for Bus or Train in Mole Valley. [2][3], The typical off-peak service on the North Downs Line is one train every two hours in each direction between Reading and Redhill (extended to Gatwick Airport on Sundays, expect a one train each way Monday to friday ).[4]. Then Baxter moved the empty wagon to the kiln shed, where it was deposited to await loading with the next rail-borne shipment. It contains six kilns, originally built about 1872 as flare kilns, arranged like the southern battery in three pairs with a central access tunnel for each pair. [28]William Finlay, in private ownership, was steamed several times in the late 1990s at the site of the Woking Miniature Railway Society and is now in storage. 19, By the late 1950s, the quarries and works at Betchworth were in the terminal decline stage. Later, an eastern battery was created. Observable from as far away as Lewes Castle, the scar stands out against the surrounding green hills and provides evidence of the chalk base upon which Box Hill stands. It is currently undergoing an extensive overhaul at Sheffield Park  and is scheduled to be operational again in 2006. Walk along here a little way to find the quarry. In 2017/18 and 2018/19, it was the least used station in Surrey, after patronage at Longcross increased. The story of the Brockham Museum starts in 1960, when the Dorking Greystone Lime Co. of Betchworth, Surrey, was disposing of its railway stock and the company's general manager, Major Taylerson, was keen to see the locomotives preserved. Baxter went by road to the Bluebell Railway in October 1960, where it was steamed on one or two occasions. [27]Townsend Hook, donated to the Amberley Working Museum in 2002, is currently undergoing restoration to working order by apprentices at Eastleigh College. Betchworth Surrey 1962 The quarry railways had four different track gauges. Not only did I participate in the photography, measurement, and listing of remaining relics, but I also became involved in the preservation of one of the six locomotives that existed when the rail system closed. Site visit by author, 31 May 2005. Getting to and from, buying and collecting tickets, staffing, facilities, accessibility & mobility access. Betchworth train station facilities. iPhone History: A Timeline of Every Model in Order Mason-Dixon Line The History of Guns, iPhone History: A Timeline of Every Model in Order, The First Movie Ever Made: Why and when films were invented, The History of Hollywood: The Film Industry Exposed. I thank Christopher Awdry, son of Rev. Originally, the Grey Chalk was quar-ried and used in production of grey lime. 9 (March 1966): 212–15. We also explored the derelict structures, hardly of priceless historic significance but fascinating and characteristic of the locale, where locomotives were accommodated and serviced. The path led to a cluster of buildings similar in outward appearances to those found in farmyards and stables. This article has focused mainly on the working habitat of industrial locomotives from one site that are now preserved in museums and, in one case, on a preserved working railway. It was nicknamed “Monty” and given the number 6. Originally, the Grey Chalk was quarried and used in production of grey lime. The main incline lasted until around 1952. The station’s two platforms see regular trains along the North Downs Line, with one train departing in each direction approximately every two hours. Betchworth railway station serves the village of Betchworth in Surrey, England. Townsend Hook, is at Amberley Chalk Pits Museum, undergoing reconstruction (as of October 2010) to become a static exhibit. A conveyor belt delivered the greystone to a hopper situated above the wider gauge line below. W.V. 2 (Summer 1982): 73–74. At most train stations you’ll find ticket machines to buy or collect tickets, as well as customer help points if you need a helping hand. The forerunner of the Lowca Foundry was established just to the north of Whitehaven on the Cumbrian Coast in 1763 to manufacture cannons and hardware. 3 at work. [5] A fifth, a vertical-boiler machine, has been restored by the descendant of the original maker, and another, a standard-gauge larger version of the two tank engines, is at the Bluebell Railway in Sussex. All trains serving it are operated by Great Western Railway. No. Its earthworks were still clearly visible. In the United States, where space was generally a less restricting factor, attention turned to larger 3-foot gauge and standard gauge industrial locomotives, including the Shay geared type, ideal for use on lightly laid logging and mining railroads. Originally, the Grey Chalk was quar-ried and used in production of grey lime. Moovit gives you the best routes to Hartsfield Manor, Betchworth, Sandy Lane Betchworth Betchworth RH3 7 using public transport. 14. Driver Smith brought Baxter to a standstill, just before the battery, alighted, and moved aside a section of the trestle carrying the 2-foot-gauge track that crossed the standard gauge. The great limestone quarry of Dorking Greystone Lime Company stood to the north of the Southern Railway line at Betchworth, Dorking. The worksplate read “T. In the preparation of this article I have received considerable assistance from the staff at Surrey History Centre, Woking, Surrey, England, and the Science Museum Library, London. The third locomotive, no. ; 1,435 mm) and were testing grounds for early methods of propulsion, rolling stock, and track materials. 29. Sales records for 1927 to 1957 in file 2632, DGLC papers (see n. 7). Betchworth train station serves the village of Betchworth in Surrey via Great Western Railway trains. Second impression 1985. ABC Railway Guide Ratings. 3, a little younger in years, and the one that we had come to see at work. By September 1960 it was in a derelict condition when it was purchased by Head Wrightson. The second Betchworth locomotive was a saddle tank that arrived in 1875 and was sold in 1878. Industrial railways attracted railway enthusiasts who, often in meticulous detail, recorded their activities, a fact that today helps compensate for the lack of historical source material on many industrial sites. 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