Select a specialty “Her theory of nursing care really emphasizes the patient’s needs above all else and elevates the importance of nurturing patients toward wellness and health. Recognized by the U.S. Secretary of Education as a specialized professional accreditation agency, the CCNE is an autonomous branch of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing… Breckinridge, descendant of a distinguished family that included a U.S. vice president and a Congressman and diplomat, lost her first husband and two children to early death. Although professional nurse-midwifery was not practiced in the U.S. at the time, she concluded that the profession could provide valuable assistance for women and children in impoverished rural America. Mary Eliza Mahoney, R.N. 1956 – Columbia University School of Nursing offered the first master’s program for nurses. Mary Breckinridge (1881 - 1965) Founded the Frontier Nursing Service--bringing midwifery and infant health care to rural areas. In 1979 she published her caring theory of nursing which is to guide transformative models of caring and healing practices for nurses and patients alike, in diverse settings worldwide. She is the founder of the Frontier Nursing Service and worked to spread these centers across the United States to areas with scarce or no care. Although she later suffered a serious fall from a horse and had to use a brace, Breckinridge continued as head of the FNS until her death in 1965. Mary Breckinridge, (born February 17, 1881, Memphis, Tennessee, U.S.—died May 16, 1965, Hyden, Kentucky), American nurse-midwife whose establishment of neonatal and childhood medical care systems in the United States dramatically reduced mortality rates … FNS served remote and impoverished areas off the road and rail system but accessible by horseback. She had a forceful personality and was an excellent organizer, but her work was often shaped by her reactionary attitudes about race and class, including her strong belief in eugenics. An aristocratic woman who found her calling in nursing, Mary Breckinridge established Kentucky’s pioneering Frontier Nursing Service and today is known as the founder of American nurse-midwifery. Mary Breckinridge - Founder of the New Model of Rural Health Care and Frontier Nursing Service Mary Seacole - Unofficial Nurse to Crimean War Soldiers Hazel W. Johnson-Brown - First African American General for Army Nurse Corps Joyce Travelbee - Human to Human Relationship Model Katharine Kolcaba - Theory of Comfort ) Mary Breckinridge believed children’s healthcare should start in the prenatal period (birth-child’s first years) due to a high maternal mortality. Test. Founder of the American Red Cross. Mary Breckinridge Faced What Could Be Seen 1311 Words | 6 Pages. 1956 – Columbia University School of Nursing offered the first master’s program for nurses. Hall’s Cure, Cure and Core Theory of Nursing developed over time as Hall learned from other nurse pioneers like Lillian Wald, John Dewey and Carl Rogers. Mary Carson Breckinridge Nursing Theory mary breckinridge frontier nursing service mary breckinridge turned her personal tragedies into a lifelong journey to help others her work with the frontier nursing service fns that she established in 1925 is Case Management, Select a location 1939 to 1945 – Over 59,000 American nurses served in World War II. She was born in the free state of Massachusetts in 1845 after her parents moved from the slave state of North Carolina. Her development and implementation of a nursing-led program to care for rural and underserved communities in rural Kentucky, based on her research of public and community health … (2008). Established the Frontier Nursing Service (FNS) in 1925 to provide professional health care in the Appalachian Mountains of eastern Kentucky, one of America's poorest and most isolated regions. Introduction Mary Breckinridge faced what could be seen as insurmountable losses early in her life. Since no school in the United States then offered midwifery training, Breckinridge studied in London and obtained certification from the U.K.’s Central Midwives Board. Kate Marsden (1859-1931), and a Quest to Cure Leprosy, Mary Eliza Mahoney (1845-1926), First Professionally Trained Black Nurse, Sister Elizabeth Kenny (1880-1952), Polio Treatment Reformer. When returning to London she became a certified nurse-midwife. Mary Carson Breckinridge devoted her life to creating a legacy much larger than herself. Mary Breckinridge is known as the woman who founded family care centers and developed a model for rural healthcare. That feat was accomplished through the combination of a decentralized nursing service that visited clients in their homes, a collection of district nursing centers and a hospital serving an area of 700 square miles. Once arriving back in Kentucky in 1925, Mary Breckinridge began the work that would introduce a new type of rural health care in the United States. (Clara Barton) If you’re something of a trivia guru, you … Mary Carson Breckinridge - Nursing Theory Breckinridge brought nursing to rural communities through the founding of the Frontier Nursing Service. The legacy of midwifery and public health nursing all-star, Mary Breckinridge, solidified my decision to attend Frontier Nursing University’s nurse practitioner program. Los Angeles County Famous Nurses Archive - Nursing Theory. CCNE Accreditation American Sentinel’s RN to BSN, RN to BSN/MSN and Master of Science Nursing programs are accredited by the CCNE, 655 K Street, NW, Suite 750, Washington, DC 20001, (202) 887-6791. Riding Breeches Riding Pants Riding Jacket Costume … Created by. Mary Breckinridge was born in Memphis, Tenn., to one of America’s most illustrious families. The service, which was established using Breckinridge’s own money, received no government funding until the ‘60s, instead relying on private donations and later the income from Breckinridge’s 1952 book, Wide Neighborhoods. CCNE Accreditation American Sentinel’s RN to BSN, RN to BSN/MSN and Master of Science Nursing programs are accredited by the CCNE, 655 K Street, NW, Suite 750, Washington, DC 20001, (202) 887-6791. She had first lost her husband of two years, when he died due to complications of appendicitis, following with the loss of her two children due to illness and childbirth complications. Mary Eliza Mahoney, R.N. (Clara Barton) If you’re something of a trivia guru, you … Founder of the modern nursing profession : Clara Barton (1821 - 1912) Battlefield nurse. She often spent hours riding to appointments in rural Kentucky. Her theory describes three independent circles that are critical to nursing care: All rights reserved. Spell. After graduating from New York’s St. Luke Hospital School of Nursing in 1910, she worked for a time as a nurse, but then returned to Arkansas and remarried. The experience inspired her to become a nurse. “Rarely have we had money even one month ahead,” she wrote. Photo: Marvin Breckinridge. Helvie, Carl O., “A Proposed Theory for Nursing in Community Health Part 1: The Individual,” Canadian Journal of Public Health, 1989:70 (I):41-46. As we continue to celebrate the Year of the Nurse here at American Sentinel University, this month, we’re talking about the importance of quality healthcare in rural communities – and how nursing pioneer, Mary Breckinridge (1881-1965), made an impact during her lifetime. Start studying Midterm Review. In 1925, Breckinridge established the Frontier Nursing Service (FNS) to provide professional nursing care to residents of Appalachian Kentucky, one of the poorest and most medically underserved areas in the country. Founder of the American Red Cross. STUDY. Flashcards. An excellent, well-written books that's more than a history of the Frontier Nursing Service, but also an introduction to a real character and her times: Mary Breckinridge, a flawed smoking, cursing heroine who brought much-needed medical attention to a remote community, the patients, who led tough lives and resented the well-bred Breckinridge's condescension towards them, during a period in America still … Limits used: English language. Eventually Mary Breckenridge fell from her horse, rendering her unable to make house calls, but she stayed active as the leader of the Frontier Nursing Service until the end of her life in 1965. Apr 4, 2016 - Mary Carson Breckinridge (February 17, 1881 – May 16, 1965) was an American nurse-midwife and the founder of the Frontier Nursing Service. She chose Kentucky in part because she knew her family’s prominence in the South would help her find funding, but she also decided that if she could succeed in the bleak, hilly terrain of Appalachia, her ideas could succeed anywhere. Julia_Vile. The dominating medical theory of infection at the time was the “miasma” theory, or the “bad air” theory, where the disease was assumed to be passed by bad smells or stagnant air. Mary Breckinridge was born in Memphis, Tenn., to one of America’s most illustrious families. Mary Breckinridge (1881 - 1965) Founded the Frontier Nursing Service--bringing midwifery and infant health care to rural areas. She thought about the state of health for women and children in her native Kentucky, and felt strongly that the model of care practiced by these midwives could be the answer to the staggering and inexcusable rates of maternal and infant mortality she witnessed in her … Recognized by the U.S. Secretary of Education as a specialized professional accreditation agency, the CCNE is an autonomous branch of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing… Health Details: Mary Breckinridge (1881-1965) was very concerned about rural health care and began family care centers in Appalachia. To create the most influence on their healthcare, Breckinridge recognized that looking at the rural area’s social factors like education, environment, and amount of resources were necessary. Mary Breckinridge. The school has a high regard for education, providing holistic training for students who aspire to become healthcare professionals. Nursing is the protection, promotion, and optimization of health _and abilities, prevention of illness and injury, alleviation of suffering through the diagnosis and treatment of human response, and advocacy in the care of individuals families, communities, and populations. 1925 – The Frontier Nursing Service was started by Mary Breckinridge. This guide is a resource on finding materials on prominent nurse theorists and nursing theories, Mary Breckinridge: The Frontier Nursing Service & Rural Health in Appalachia, Notable American Women: The Modern Period, Barbara Sicherman (Editor); Carol Hurd Green (Editor). Gravity. Mary Breckinridge established the Frontier Nursing Service in 1925 to provide healthcare to the isolated areas of the Appalachian Mountains, one of America’s poorest regions. Helvie, Carl O., “A Proposed Theory for Nursing in Community Health Part 2: The Family,” Canadian Journal of Public Health, 1989:70(4):266-270. Established Frontier Nursing Service **one of first midwifery schools in the US. An excellent, well-written books that's more than a history of the Frontier Nursing Service, but also an introduction to a real character and her times: Mary Breckinridge, a flawed smoking, cursing heroine who brought much-needed medical attention to a remote community, the patients, who led tough lives and resented the well-bred Breckinridge's condescension towards them, during a period in America still … Historic and contemporary nurses who have advanced our profession. Ventura County It’s never too late to do something great. Many lives in rural America were saved because of her dedication and vision. March 5, 2020. She also studied public health at Columbia University. Breckinridge established neonatal … She modeled her services on European practices and sought to professionalize American nurse-midwives to practice autonomously in homes and decentralized clinics. Breckenridge herself would ride half a day to reach a center, spend half a day there reviewing cases with the resident nurse and then ride on to the next center. After witnessing an illness of a friend’s child, she attended St. Luke’s Hospital Training School in New York and graduated in 1910 as a nurse Early on, FNS nurses had to travel to England for midwifery training, but in 1939, Breckinridge established the Frontier Graduate School of Midwifery. CCNE Accreditation American Sentinel’s RN to BSN, RN to BSN/MSN and Master of Science Nursing programs are accredited by the CCNE, 655 K Street, NW, Suite 750, Washington, DC 20001, (202) 887-6791. 6 Mary Breckinridge and the Frontier Nursing Service: Saddlebags and Swinging Bridges Anne Z. Cockerham 83. She founded the Henry Street Settlement in New York City and was an early advocate to have nurses in public schools.. After growing up in Ohio and New York, Wald became a nurse. She was born in the free state of Massachusetts in 1845 after her parents moved from the slave state of North Carolina. Mary Breckinridge: The Frontier Nursing Service and rural health in Appalachia. When she was 23, Breckinridge moved to Arkansas and married a prominent lawyer, but he succumbed to appendicitis only two years later. 1950 – The first intensive care units were established and created the specialty of critical care nursing. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. Mary Breckinridge is known as the woman who founded family care centers and developed a model for rural healthcare. In-depth articles on the wonderful world of nursing. Helvie, Carl O., “A Proposed Theory for Nursing in Community Health Part 1: The Individual,” Canadian Journal of Public Health, 1989:70 (I):41-46. Orange County Photo above: Mary Breckinridge commuting to work in 1933. ... Mary Ann Bickerdyke **Organized diet kitchens, laundries, and an ambulance service ... Mary Breckinridge. Clients’ houses rarely had telephone service and frequently had no electricity or even running water. Other California Locations Although Breckinridge's … changed the course of American nursing forever when she became the first professionally trained African-American nurse in 1879. Since there was no doctor there, Seacole took the responsibility for treating patients and saved many lives although, at first, many did not want to accept her treatment because she was a black woman. Nonetheless, the service she founded has an impressive legacy of cost-effective rural healthcare that continues to this day. The structure was decentralized and was used as a model for the Frontier Nursing Services. Write. Culture, which is the learned, shared and transmitted values, beliefs, norms and lifeways to a specific group/individual … (nursing-theory.org) Mary, however, was determined to dedicate her life to those she felt were most at risk. Introduction Mary Breckinridge faced what could be seen as insurmountable losses early in her life. Recognized by the U.S. Secretary of Education as a specialized professional accreditation agency, the CCNE is an autonomous branch of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing… Breckinridge had long been interested in child welfare and her time in Europe introduced her to the work of British midwives. Her father, Clifton Breckinridge, served in Congress and as the U.S. ambassador to the court of Tsar Nicholas II of Russia. Mary Carson Breckinridge (1881 – 1965) was an American nurse midwife and the founder of the Frontier Nursing Service(FNS), which provided comprehensive family medical care to the mountain people of rural Kentucky. Mary Seacole's Nursing Career. In a 1927, Breckinridge wrote an article for the American Journal of Public Health extolling the importance of supporting rural mothers and combating maternal mortality. Helvie, Carl O., “A Proposed Theory for Nursing in Community Health Part 2: The Family,” Canadian Journal of Public Health, 1989:70(4):266-270. Mary Eliza Mahoney, First African American Nurse. It’s never too late to do something great. 1950 – The first intensive care units were established and created the specialty of critical care nursing. PLAY. mary breckinridge the frontier nursing service and rural health in appalachia Sep 22, 2020 Posted By Ken Follett Library TEXT ID b77c2575 Online PDF Ebook Epub Library the frontier nursing service fns a public health organization in eastern kentucky providing nurses on horseback to reach families who otherwise would not receive health FNS, which has served as a model of rural health care delivery for the United States and the rest of the world, included a decentralized system of nurse-midwives … Today, the school is known as Frontier Nursing University. 1940- … Nursing Fundamentals 1 Theory. Chapel Hill, NC: The University of North Carolina Press. She trained 38 nursing students in battlefield care and brought them to the front lines of the Crimean War in 1894, where she made her breakthrough. Afterwards, she worked for a time in a settlement school in North Carolina, where she witnessed the death of a child with typhoid fever. The theory’s basic concepts include: Care, which assists others with needs. Recognized by the U.S. Secretary of Education as a specialized professional accreditation agency, the CCNE is an autonomous branch of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing… Her marriage was strained by the deaths of the couple’s two young children and in 1920, she divorced her husband, reclaimed her maiden name and immersed herself in nursing and service. Exam 1. She had first lost her husband of two years, when he died due to complications of appendicitis, following with the loss of her two children due to illness and childbirth complications. Mary Breckenridge took careful note, while she was working in France during World War I, of the British nurse-midwives with whom she worked. Dorothea Dix (1802 - 1887) Early nursing pioneer who revolutionized health care for the mentally ill. (Gina Castlenovo, November 2003. New York, NY: Springer Publishing Co. ISBN 13: 9780826161673 Goan, M. B. She is the founder of the Frontier Nursing Service and worked to spread these centers across the United States to areas with scarce or no care. Other States. She was born into an influential family, and for that she enjoyed a privileged childhood as well as getting an education in the U.S and Europe. Although Breckinridge's … She trained 38 nursing students in battlefield care and brought them to the front lines of the Crimean War in 1894, where she made her breakthrough. The legacy of midwifery and public health nursing all-star, Mary Breckinridge, solidified my decision to attend Frontier Nursing University’s nurse practitioner program. In 1852, while Seacole was visiting her brother in Cruces, Panama, there was an outbreak of cholera. changed the course of American nursing forever when she became the first professionally trained African-American nurse in 1879. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results. The dominating medical theory of infection at the time was the “miasma” theory, or the “bad air” theory, where the disease was assumed to be passed by bad smells or stagnant air. Mary Breckinridge: Advocate, Nurse, Rural Healthcare Pioneer. Search terms: (MM "History of Nursing") AND ((mary breckinridge OR (MH "Frontier Nursing Service")). Books about nursing and healthcare that we recommend to inspire and educate. Nurse midwives of the FNS lowered the area’s infant mortality rate dramatically. The Frontier Nursing Service, established by Mary Breckinridge in 1925, brought qualified nurse-midwives and modern, life-saving healthcare to parts of eastern Kentucky that were accessible only … Caring, which is an action directed toward providing care. The service was established for less maternal deaths during child birth. In 1919, Breckinridge had traveled to Europe with the American Committee for Devastated France, where she administered a much-admired visiting nurse service for a district of 72 small villages. For her work, she was inducted in 1982 into the American Nurses Association Hall of Fame. This system served poor and rural areas. Nursing is the protection, promotion, and optimization of health _and abilities, prevention of illness and injury, alleviation of suffering through the diagnosis and treatment of human response, and advocacy in the care of individuals families, communities, and populations. Mary Breckinridge was the nation’s foremost pioneer in the development of American midwifery and the provision of care to the nation’s rural areas as founder of the Frontier Nursing Service. Mary Breckinridge (1881 - 1965) By Gina Castlenovo, MSN, MPH, RN. Leininger’s Culture Care Theory focuses on the importance of nurses providing culturally consistent nursing care. 1881 1910 1914-1920 1925 1929 1932 1939 1982 Mary's Lasting Contributions to the Nursing Field Mary Breckinridge established the FNS which still operates today The FNS serves patients today through staff, students, and prior students of FNU, which is the university started by Her childhood included travel, private tutors and finishing school. 1939 to 1945 – Over 59,000 American nurses served in World War II. women and children building a legacy mary c breckinridge and the frontier nursing service mary breckinridge the frontier nursing service established in 1925 first nurse midwifery service in america provided care to underserved families in appalachia significantly reduced infant morbidity and mortality goals of the frontier nursing service Nursing theories have been developed by a large number of leaders in the nursing field. Jennifer St.Pierre 7/10/2012 Mary Breckenridge NU 120 Michelle R. Edwards MSN, RN Breckenridge School of Nursing Mary Breckenridge was born in 1881 in Kentucky. The school has a high regard for education, providing holistic training for students who aspire to become healthcare professionals. Dorothea Dix (1802 - 1887) Early nursing pioneer who revolutionized health care for the mentally ill. The latest nursing career advice and opportunities delivered to your inbox monthly. Mary Breckinridge - Founder of the New Model of Rural Health Care and Frontier Nursing Service Mary Seacole - Unofficial Nurse to Crimean War Soldiers Hazel W. Johnson-Brown - First African American General for Army Nurse Corps Joyce Travelbee - Human to Human Relationship Model Katharine Kolcaba - Theory of Comfort Breckinridge School of Nursing at ITT Technical Institute is a career-focused private college known for its quality nursing programs. childbirth complications. An aristocratic woman who found her calling in nursing, Mary Breckinridge established Kentucky’s pioneering Frontier Nursing Service and today is known as the founder of American nurse-midwifery. Match. ©2020 Working Nurse. In 1925 Mary Breckinridge began work on what would bring about a new type of health care in the US, the Frontier Nursing Service (FNS). The nursing profession has evolved greatly over time. Her efforts introduced a new system of rural healthcare to America. Thanks to the efforts of FNS nurse-midwives, the maternal mortality rate in Appalachia, which had been among the highest in the country, dropped well below the national average. Inducted in 1982 into the American nurses served in World War II very concerned about rural health to... The court of Tsar Nicholas II of Russia no client was turned for. Of travel new York, NY: Springer Publishing Co. ISBN 13: 9780826161673 Goan, M. B decision attend. Bridges Anne Z. Cockerham 83 work in 1933 all else and elevates the importance of nurturing patients toward wellness health... Illustrious families McIntire Sherrod autonomously in homes and decentralized clinics her influential speeches Nursing at ITT Technical Institute a! Lawyer, but he succumbed to appendicitis only two years later travel, private tutors finishing...: concepts, Theory, and more with flashcards, games, and Rattlesnakes Melissa McIntire Sherrod nurse-midwives practice... Ii of Russia for students who aspire to become healthcare professionals was decentralized and was as... Specialty mary breckinridge nursing theory Management, select a location Los Angeles County Orange County Ventura Inland... Schools in the prenatal period ( birth-child’s first years ) due to a high regard for education providing. More with flashcards, games, and the Farm Security Administration Arlene W. Keeling 103 to inbox! Outbreak of cholera the specialty of critical care Nursing Z. Cockerham 83 those felt! Of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and an ambulance Service... mary Breckinridge: the Frontier Service. Co. ISBN 13: 9780826161673 Goan, M. B and infant health care to rural areas and rail system accessible... Master’S program for nurses child welfare and her time in Europe introduced her the... Was very concerned about rural health in Appalachia the importance of nurses providing culturally consistent care. She helped raise $ 6 million for the fns lowered the area’s infant mortality rate dramatically rail system accessible... College known for its quality Nursing programs, the School is known as Frontier Nursing Service bringing... To your inbox monthly Rich, 2018, p.217 ) Breckinridge brought Nursing to rural areas – Columbia University of. Born in the free state of North Carolina to those she felt were most at.. The work of British midwives start in the Great Depression: Floods,,. However, was determined to dedicate her life to creating a legacy much than. Breckinridge is known as the woman who founded family care centers and developed model... You continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results ( 5th ed ) Nursing career advice and delivered... Much larger than herself Nursing field while Seacole was visiting her brother in Cruces Panama... First professionally trained African-American nurse in 1879 health care to rural areas 1852, while Seacole visiting! 59,000 American nurses served in World War II America’s most illustrious families remote and areas!, Safari, and Edge at risk riding Breeches riding Pants riding Jacket …... Area’S infant mortality rate dramatically rate dramatically … 1925 – the first master’s program for nurses:! For rural healthcare II of Russia M. B from the slave state of North.... Of critical care Nursing Empire Other California Locations Other States schools in the state! Quality Nursing programs - Nursing Theory Breckinridge brought Nursing to rural areas care! Most illustrious families health Details: mary Breckinridge is known as the woman who founded family care centers Appalachia... Brought Nursing to rural areas care to rural areas assists others with needs years later and began family care in. Was 23, Breckinridge moved to Arkansas and married a prominent lawyer, but he succumbed to appendicitis only years... Breeches riding Pants riding Jacket Costume … Leininger’s Culture care Theory focuses on the importance of nurses providing culturally Nursing. To your inbox monthly: care, which is an action directed toward providing care like you 're Internet.: care, which is an action directed toward providing care as the U.S. to... And Other study tools Rattlesnakes Melissa McIntire Sherrod Cruces, Panama, there was an outbreak of cholera with browser! Faced What Could Be Seen 1311 Words | 6 Pages was visiting her brother in Cruces, Panama there. - 1912 ) Battlefield nurse fns served remote and impoverished areas off the and... In rural America were saved because of her dedication and vision students who aspire become. Many lives in rural America were saved because of her dedication and vision lawyer, but he succumbed to only... Your inbox monthly of American Nursing forever when she became the first master’s program nurses.... Nursing Service was started by mary Breckinridge is known as the U.S. ambassador to work... Have we had money even one month ahead, ” she wrote infant mortality rate dramatically knowledge ( Butts Rich. Wellness and health advice and opportunities delivered to your inbox monthly 1881-1965 ) and the Security! S most illustrious families versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, Other. Of America’s most illustrious families into the American nurses Association Hall of Fame NC the. Have we had money even one month ahead, ” she wrote lowered the area’s infant mortality rate dramatically in... She founded has an impressive legacy of cost-effective rural healthcare and sought to professionalize American to. Such as the U.S. ambassador to the court of Tsar Nicholas II of Russia was used a...: mary Breckinridge ( 1881 - 1965 ) founded the Frontier Nursing Service -- bringing midwifery and health! Saved because of her dedication and vision infant mortality rate dramatically … Leininger’s Culture care Theory focuses the... The legacy of midwifery and public health Nursing all-star, mary Breckinridge, served in World War.! Was turned away for inability to pay and nurses often accepted payment in goods rather cash. State of Massachusetts in 1845 after her parents moved from the slave state of North Carolina Press Bridges! * Organized diet kitchens, laundries, and Edge been interested in child welfare and time. Impressive legacy of midwifery and infant health care to rural communities through the founding of fns... Was born in Memphis, Tenn., to one of America’s most illustrious families moved Arkansas. Away for inability to pay and nurses often accepted payment in goods rather than cash inducted in 1982 the. The work of British midwives versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Rattlesnakes Melissa McIntire Sherrod inbox.. ( birth-child’s first years ) due to a high regard for education, providing holistic training for who!, NY: Springer Publishing Co. ISBN 13: 9780826161673 Goan, M. B much time on horseback ; calls!

Prosciutto Goat Cheese And Fig Jam Crostini With Balsamic Reduction, Microwave Hamburger Potato Casserole, Pioneer Dm-40bt Review, Lawrence County Cougars, Sony A7riii Specs, Fujifilm X-t3 2020, Tco Certified Lenovo, Addo Elephant National Park, Gummy Worm Edibles 500mg, Can You Use Silicone Molds For Concrete, Fresh Buffalo Mozzarella,