Like the Chinese, the mestizos were moneylenders and acquired land when debtors defaulted. During the Pre-Spanish Colonial Period, the trading system among ancient Filipinos and traders from their island counterparts was made possible trough barter system. The Spaniards and their Filipino and Japanese allies then took their revenge and massacred 20,000 Chinese. Society 1. *, By the late nineteenth century, prominent mestizo families, despite the inroads of the Chinese, were noted for their wealth and formed the major component of a Filipino elite. The Spanish were not as harsh on the local people of the Philippines as they were in Latin America but they did make an effort to stamp out traditions and customs they regarded as “works of the devil.” Large Numbers of people were untouched by the Spanish occupation. PHILIPPINE HISTORY Pre-Colonial Period Arts & Letters University of Santo Tomas Manila Prepared by: Mr. Ernie Ronel T. Mabahague. The Spanish conquest ofthe Philippines in the 16th century is partofthe controversial "Columbian legacy"inworldhistory and history ofideas. Magellan landed on the island of Cebu, claiming the lands for Spain and naming them Islas de San Lazaro. Discuss the following: a. Filipino American Relations 2. The Jesuits were given control of the teacher-training colleges. The islands were part of the larger Spanish East Indies. Spanish policy encouraged immigrants to become agricultural laborers. *, Chinese and Chinese Mestizos in the Philippines, In the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries, deep-seated Spanish suspicion of the Chinese gave way to recognition of their potentially constructive role in economic development. Land rents--paid often by Chinese mestizo inquilinos, who planted cash crops for export--provided them with the sort of income that enabled many friars to live like princes in palatial establishments. The history of the Philippines between 900 and 1565 begins with the creation of the Laguna Copperplate Inscription in 900 and ends with Spanish colonisation in 1565. This spurt continued unabated until the Cavite Revolt in 1872. Ferdinand Magellan arrived in the Philippines in 1521. Mining opportunities did not present themselves as they did in Latin America. The opening of the port of Iloilo on Panay in 1855 and the encouragement of the British vice consul in that town, Nicholas Loney (described by a modern writer as "a one-man whirlwind of entrepreneurial and technical innovation"), led to the development of the previously unsettled island of Negros as the center of the Philippine sugar industry, exporting its product to Britain and Australia. G. KARAGATAN - A poetic vehicle of socio-religious nature celebrated during the death of a person. The Spaniards in Manila lived in the walled city of Intramuros. Most Filipinos had little contact with the Spanish other than through the church. In 1839 the government issued a decree granting them freedom of occupation and residence. *, Central to the friars' dominant position was their monopoly of education at all levels and thus their control over cultural and intellectual life. - It is a ritual based on a legend about a princess who dropped her ring into the middle of the sea and offered her hand in marriage in anyone who can retrieve it. ", The eighteenth-century expulsion edicts had given the Chinese mestizos the opportunity to enter retailing and the skilled craft occupations formerly dominated by the Chinese. PHILIPPINE LITERATURE. Back to Article List. The governor, administartors, friars, merchants, military officials, priests and soldiers from Spain and some of their families all resided within the walls. One recent study, the Human Relations Area Files monograph on the Philip-pines, goes so far as to say that although they were of some importance during the first decades of the Spanish period… Except for the Jesuits, the religious orders were strongly opposed to the teaching of modern foreign languages, including Spanish, and scientific and technical subjects to the indios (literally, Indians; the Spanish term for Filipinos). During most of the Spanish colonial period, the Philippine economy depended on the Galleon Trade which was inaugurated in 1565 between Manila and Acapulco , Mexico . The Spanish burned Igorot villages, destroyed their crops and raped their women, yet in 350 years of Spanish occupation the Igorot were never conquered. in Philippine history when, indeed, the activities described as sup­ port for this statement were those of Chinese mestizos. The national and racial dimensions of secularization meant that the issue became linked with broader demands for political reform. Outside the walls was a a polyglot community of Filipinos, Chinese, Japanese and other foreig… See Separate Article MANILA GALLEON TRADE BETWEEN THE PHILIPPINES AND MEXICO. in Philippine history when, indeed, the activities described as sup-port for this statement were those of Chinese mestizos. 6. Philippine History and Society: Spanish Colonial Period These researches discuss the socio-political and historical developments in the Philippines under Spanish colonialism. This constitutes 'fair use' of any such copyrighted material as provided for in section 107 of the US Copyright Law. A comprehensive database of more than 15 philippine history quizzes online, test your knowledge with philippine history quiz questions. Welcome back my Philippine Literature students! Period of Activism (1970-1972) Literary Periods in Philippine Literature He set up friendly relations with some… Philippine Literature in the Spanish Colonial Period. They introduced Catholicism, established a Walled City in Manila but ultimately they were disappointed because they couldn't find spices or gold (gold was only discovered in large quantities after the Americans arrived). In 1574, a Chinese pirate named Lin Tao Kien unsuccessfully attacked Manila. This site contains copyrighted material the use of which has not always been authorized by the copyright owner. If you are the copyright owner and would like this content removed from factsanddetails.com, please contact me. THE SPANISH PERIOD (1565-1898) Historical Background . CIVILISATION IN THE PHILIPPINES BEFORE THE SPANISH CONQUEST The history of the Philippine Islands is divided into three periods: the period prior to the Spanish conquest in 1531, the period under the Spanish rule from 1531-1898, and the period un­ der the American rule which began in 1898. Stay tuned for part 2 as that will discuss events from the Dagohoy revolt to the events around the 1870's. Chinese expulsion orders issued in 1755 and 1766 were repealed in 1788. Marriage customs 7. x��[Iw�~�=���8{.����f�� 蛓�$��N�(�a&��ZR�-�=KˉF�e�A Pre-Colonial Philippines A. A Spanish attack was quickly repelled and Spanish leaders were beheaded and had their heads displayed on stakes. [�M�L!�B� 5��#H�`GܲuFp�{�`r��"�b��%q�C&�Ёf�=����5@ ����w���eڜ��$��d(���Z3�l��=��To����E��j�Hd�_�ճ������i�ߖ�%t��*�$E�=��1�L�ɬ�;��ǰ0^$�_ ��i���؅/Sׅv,����+�g� 3. Carillo The Tagalog word for “history” is kasaysayan. ��e. Period of Imitation (1910-1924) c. Period of Apprenticeship (1910-1930) d. 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